• The electric model (a) and equivalent circuit (b) for a cell

    Bioresistance/Bioimpedance Sensors

    Bioresistance/Bioimpedance Sensors Biosensors convert the analyte–receptor reactions into a quantitative electrical, electrochemical (amperometric, potentiometric,...
  • Binary Vision Sensors

    Binary Vision Sensors

    Binary Vision Sensors This class of sensor produces images whose pixel (pixel = picture...
  • Resistive Tactile Sensors,Piezoresistive tactile sensor

    Resistive Tactile Sensors

    Resistive Tactile Sensors Resistive devices are the most popular tactile sensors at present, because...
  • Electromagnetic radiation spectrum

    Light Transducers

    Light Transducers Light transducers convert electromagnetic energy inputs in to electrical energy outputs. The...
  • Capacitive Sensors

    Capacitive Sensors

    Capacitive sensors operate based on changes in electrical capacitance. Capacitive sensors are the most...
  • Photo transistor

    Phototransistors

    Phototransistors The phototransistor, as illustrated in Figure 1, is a photodiode-transistor combination, that is...